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Bunion Formation

Wednesday, 07 September 2022 00:00

There are a number of  foot conditions that you may encounter at one point during your lifetime. Some of them involve the formation of certain abnormal bony protrusions that can cause pain or discomfort. One such foot condition involving a bony protrusion is known as a bunion. Bunions typically develop on the side of the big toe, and in some cases, bunionettes might form on the smallest toe. Since bunions can be an annoyance to those afflicted by them, bunion formation and its causes are of the utmost importance. Bunions are commonly caused by ill-fitting footwear that makes the toes crowd together. Whenever an individual puts a significant amount of pressure on their big toe joint for an extended period of time, this can also potentially lead to bunion formation. Having other conditions or diseases might also lead to bunion formation. For example, having rheumatoid arthritis, cerebral palsy, and Down syndrome makes one particularly vulnerable to developing a bunion. After a bunion forms, it can cause soreness at the affected area or even swelling around the big toe joint. If you believe that you might be at risk of developing a bunion, contact a podiatrist who can help you either prevent or treat a bunion.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Naim G. Shaheed, DPM of Ankle and Foot Centers of Georgia. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Lithonia/Stonecrest and Emory/Midtown, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about What Are Bunions?
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